No decisions were made when more than 140 Mennonite Brethren gathered in Phoenix, Arizona, Jan. 14–16, 2019, for the U.S. Board of Faith and Life (BFL) study conference on “The Bible and Women in Pastoral Ministry.” That’s because the purpose of the study conference was not to take action but, after a 20-year hiatus, to resume conversation around women in pastoral ministry.
When U.S. Mennonite Brethren last discussed women in pastoral ministry in 1999, they passed a resolution that women be encouraged to “minister in the church in every function other than the lead pastorate” and that women would be invited “to exercise leadership on conference boards, in pastoral staff positions and in our congregations, institutions and agencies…as gifted, called and affirmed.”
At the time, some people viewing the language as too restrictive and others as not restrictive enough. It became apparent during the 2019 study conference that U.S. Mennonite Brethren remain as divided on the issue as they were two decades ago.
The study conference began Monday evening with an historical overview of how Mennonite Brethren have involved women in church ministry.
Valerie Rempel, interim vice-president of Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary traced the changes and denomination conversations about the role of women that began in the early 1970s.
Canada eventually passed a resolution offering local congregations freedom; the U.S. has not formally re-engaged the issue until now, Rempel noted.
Larry Martens, former Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary faculty member and president, led a study of Acts 15 that outlined six steps the early church took that led to a mutually agreeable solution to their disagreement, beginning with a willingness to engage in a difficult conversation about theological issues.
The study conference featured seven presentations, five in a 14-hour marathon. Guest speakers James R. Beck, Dan Doriani, and Craig S. Keener summarized the biblical case for the two primary approaches: complementarian and egalitarian; Michelle Lee-Barnewall presented an alternative approach to thinking about church leadership.
In the final presentation, Doug Heidebrecht looked at how the global Mennonite Brethren church is responding to women in ministry. Heidebrecht, on staff with Multiply, is director of global training at MB Seminary and a member of the Canadian Conference of MB Churches (CCMBC) Board of Faith and Life.
“Decisions made around the globe regarding women in pastoral roles are at least partly shaped by the historical backgrounds and the cultural contexts of those conferences,” he said. “This calls us to reflect critically on how our experience in a certain cultural context influences and shapes our interpretation of Scripture.”
After the presentations, participants were given 10–15 minutes to ask questions of the speakers. Table groups discussed together, then reported on their conversation at an open mic.
“It was clear that there were strong feelings and convictions on either side of the question – stemming from hermeneutical approach as well as personal experience. However, I was particularly encouraged by open-mic declarations of determination to find a God-honouring way forward together,” says Ingrid Reichard, Canadian national faith and life director.
Reichard and Heidebrecht joined Rob Thiessen (BCMB conference minister), Janet Thiessen (BCMB pastor), Sharon Simpson (BCMB moderator), Gary Simpson (BCMB pastor), and Bill Hogg (Multiply) as Canadian observers of the study conference.
“Our BLF contingent commends our USMB brothers and sisters for their willingness to open up this discussion.”
As a follow-up to the study conference, Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary’s Center for Anabaptist Studies hosted a webinar Jan. 23, 2019, moderated by U.S. BFL chair Tim Sullivan. About 60 people participated.
In a Jan. 29, 2019, follow-up email to participants of both the study conference and webinar, the U.S. BFL outlines what can be expected from the board moving forward and invites the USMB family to share feedback.
The U.S. BFL will meet Mar. 27–28, 2019, “We don’t have a specific timetable for [a proposal or conclusion],” the board writes. “We do intend to let you know if any decision about process is made. We will try to be timely with that, but we ask for your patience as we listen to how God is leading us.”
Connie Faber is editor of Christian Leader, the magazine of the US Mennonite Brethren conference. Read this complete report: https://christianleadermag.com/u-s-mennonite-brethren-resume-conversation-on-women-in-pastoral-ministry/