Michael J. Sharp’s journey toward peace in DR Congo

From left, Michael Sharp, Mitterrand Aoci and Merthus Mwenebantu visited in 2013 bean fields planted by internally displaced people in Mubimbi, North Kivu province, DR Congo. MCC photo/Ruth Keidel Clemens

Former MCC service worker, now with the UN, Michael J. Sharp, a UN colleague and several Congolese workers disappeared on an investigative trip. Sharp and his colleague were later found dead and the Congolese workers are still missing.

Four months after Michael J. Sharp moved to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2012, he joined a small delegation that for six hours climbed a mountain in South Kivu Province to meet a leader of a major armed group.

The meeting was set up specifically for Sharp, a new MCC service worker, so that he could talk with the colonel about why refugees from the Rwandan genocide had militarized and roamed the forests of eastern DR Congo with their families for 20 years.

This armed group, Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (known by its French acronym, FDLR), is known for pillaging and burning villages; raping women; and fighting other militia groups, the Congolese army and United Nations forces. By 2012, the violence caused by FDLR and other armed groups had displaced more than 1.5 million people from their homes in the provinces of North and South Kivu.

Sharp, whose last home in the U.S. was Albuquerque, New Mexico, went to eastern DR Congo to oversee MCC’s humanitarian response to displaced people. Yet as a peacebuilder at heart – having learned about peace at home; in the Mennonite congregations, schools and universities he attended; and in master’s studies in peacekeeping and conflict resolution in Germany – Sharp was keenly interested in stopping the violence that caused the displacement.

His journey toward this goal, which continued in a later role with the UN, ended in late March in DR Congo, when he was kidnapped and killed while on a UN fact-finding mission in Kasai Province, in the centre of the country.

The men who traveled with Sharp in 2012 had been working on peacebuilding in eastern DR Congo as staff of MCC’s partner, the Program for Peace and Reconciliation (PPR) of the Church of Christ in Congo (ECC). ECC, a network of Protestant denominations, was able to establish contact with armed groups because pastors who served in remote areas knew militants who attended their churches or lived nearby.

Serge Lungele, then a PPR program officer and now co-facilitator of MCC’s Seed program in DR Congo, and the Rev. Josué Bulambo, coordinator of PPR, remember that day’s meeting. Lungele, who became close friends with Sharp in the three years they worked together, recounted how the conversation began.

“Have you ever met an FDLR before?” the colonel asked.

“No,” Sharp said. “This is the first time.”

“What do you see? Are they human beings or are they animals?”

“I see they are human beings, as we are.”

Emmanuel Billay Mussamba from PPR talks with Mwasa Niyon Senga at his home in rural Rwanda. Jean is a former combatant who returned to Rwanda after fighting with the FDLR in eastern Congo. (MCC Photo/Matthew Lester)

“This is the message I would like you to transmit to the U.S. and the international community – that FDLR, even if they are living in the bush, they are still human beings and they still need the right to live like other people are living.”

The colonel’s message about the value of each person fit into Sharp’s own belief system.

“He [Sharp] had a very deep and primary commitment to the idea that if you approach other people as human beings, you can work through differences and that reconciliation is possible and desirable,” said Tim Lind, who was MCC’s representative in DR Congo with his wife, Suzanne Lind, during Sharp’s term of service.

Sharp’s respect for every person he encountered was evident, said Suzanne. “He was so compassionate about people at a level that was deeper than most of us because he didn’t protect himself; he just jumped right in there,” she said.

In the Mubimbi and Shasha camps for displaced people, Sharp worked as a technical advisor with staff of ECC’s humanitarian program. Together they oversaw a large food distribution and agricultural development response through MCC’s account at the Canadian Foodgrains Bank and additional MCC-sponsored food projects.

As Sharp interacted with people in the camps, he was especially drawn to the children, said Fidèle Kyanza, a provincial director of ECC’s North Kivu humanitarian program.

“He used to joke and play with the children. He talked to them in French. He helped them with math,” Kyanza said.

At Shasha camp, one of the places where people lived after being displaced by violence in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Michael J. Sharp, third from the left, along with hosts from the camp and his colleagues from ECC listen to Patrick Maxwell, right, who was an MCC service worker from 2013 to 2016. MCC photo/Patricia Kisare

Sharp believed strongly in the value of MCC’s educational assistance for all the children in the camps, Kyanza said. Since 2009, MCC has paid school fees for every primary student from the camps at local schools and provided school supplies to them and to community students.

“Michael gave a very sound foundation to the humanitarian program,” said Tim. However, Sharp’s connection with PPR constantly pulled him.

With the Linds’ blessing, Sharp expanded his assignment so that he could work with PPR’s repatriation and disarmament initiatives.

PPR leaders believed that a lot of violence in eastern Congo would stop if FDLR fighters would lay down their weapons and be voluntarily repatriated to their home country of Rwanda. They and their families could leave their destitute lives in DR Congo and become civilians at home, where the Rwandan government promised to allow them to live freely.

“The idea that you help the enemy find what is best for them and facilitate a move toward normal life was quite new and it grabbed him,” Suzanne said.

With Sharp’s experience in peacebuilding and conflict resolution, he was the team member PPR needed as it approached FDLR leaders to get agreement to this plan.

Sharp’s background and inclination to push into new initiatives were part of what motivated him to work with PPR, Tim Lind said, but he also had deep respect for PPR colleagues, including leaders and animateurs, specially trained pastors who went into the bush to explain repatriation, sometimes at great personal risk.

From 2008 to 2016, PPR helped to repatriate more than 1,600 combatants and 23,000 civilians and helped facilitate four public disarmament ceremonies of FDLR fighters.

Bulambo said Sharp took every chance he could to advocate for the peaceful work of PPR, including with delegations from the U.S. and Europe who came to learn about DR Congo.

“It was very important for us to have someone who could make the bridge between the West and Congo,” Bulambo said. “Michael was like that witness who was witnessing what we were facing. After he had the information from the fields, he could advocate with the U.S. and everywhere.”

Sharp believed that only God could make the work possible, Bulambo said.

“Michael was always reminding us to pray.

“Whenever we met with him, we always started with prayer, for our trips, the animateurs. We were also praying that God would touch the heart of the people in the bush so they could receive our message. Whenever he went to advocate, he asked us to pray as well so his message could be understood.”

Sharp completed his MCC assignment and joined the UN in 2015. But he kept in contact with friends in PPR and MCC, even up until Mar. 12, 2017, when he was kidnapped. He was found dead on Mar. 27, 2017, along with UN colleague Zaida Catalan. Four team members who travelled with them remain missing.

Sharp’s former ECC and MCC co-workers and the MCC team in DR Congo feel this loss deeply.

“We started a journey with him,” Lungele said. “Unfortunately he left us before the end of the journey – sustainable peace in eastern Congo, sustainable peace in Congo in general and sustainable peace in the Great Lakes region of Africa. We pray that God will strengthen us so that we can continue this journey as a way to honour what we started with our brother.”

Click here for information on the Michael J. Sharp Memorial Fund for peacebuilding work in DR Congo.

[Linda Espenshade is the news coordinator for MCC U.S.

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